HP OpenVMS Systems Documentation
HP OpenVMS Debugger Manual
7.12 Screen Dimensions and Predefined Windows
On a VT-series terminal, the screen consists of 24 lines by 80 or 132 columns. On a workstation, the screen is larger in both height and width. The debugger can accommodate screen sizes up to 100 lines by 255 columns.
The debugger has many predefined windows that you can use to position displays on the screen. In addition to the full height and width of the screen, the predefined windows include all possible regions that result from:
The SHOW WINDOW command identifies all predefined display windows.
The following conventions apply to the names of predefined windows. The prefixes L and R denote left and right windows, respectively. Other letters denote the full screen (FS) or fractions of the screen height (H: half, T: third, Q: quarter, S: sixth, E: eighth). The trailing numbers denote specific segments of the screen height, starting from the top. For example:
The following four commands create displays that have windows identical in size and location (the top half of the screen):
The horizontal boundaries (start-column, column-count) of the predefined windows for the default terminal screen width of 80 columns are as follows:
Table 7-3 lists the vertical boundaries (start-line, line-count) of single-segment display windows predefined for the default terminal screen height of 24 lines. Table 7-3 does not list windows that consist of multiple segments such as E23 (a display window created from the combination of display windows E2 and E3).
7.13 Internationalization of Screen Mode
You can enable country-specific features for screen mode by defining logical names, as follows:
The HP DECwindows Motif for OpenVMS user interface to the OpenVMS Debugger Version 7.1 or later requires Version 1.2 or later of HP DECwindows Motif for OpenVMS.
This chapter provides the following information:
For information about starting a debugging session, see Chapter 9.
For detailed information about using the Motif interface for debugging,
see Chapter 10. For the source code of program EIGHTQUEENS.EXE,
shown in the figures of this chapter, see Appendix D.
The OpenVMS Debugger has a HP DECwindows Motif for OpenVMS graphical user interface (GUI) for workstations. This enhancement to the screen-mode command interface accepts mouse input to choose items from menus and to activate or deactivate push buttons, to drag the pointer to select text in windows, and so on. The debugger's HP DECwindows Motif for OpenVMS GUI menus and push buttons provide the functions for most basic debugging tasks.
The HP DECwindows Motif for OpenVMS GUI is layered on the character-cell command interface and has a command-entry prompt on the command line (in the command view). From the HP DECwindows Motif for OpenVMS GUI command line, you can enter debugger commands for the following purposes:
You can customize the HP DECwindows Motif for OpenVMS GUI to associate other debugger commands with new or existing push buttons.
You can run the HP DECwindows Motif for OpenVMS GUI in local mode or in client/server mode. Client/server mode allows you to debug programs remotely from another OpenVMS node. The user interface in both Motif modes is virtually identical. Chapter 9 describes how to start interfaces.
The HP DECwindows Motif for OpenVMS GUI does not recognize the HELP command at its command-entry prompt. Choose the On Commands item in the Help menu for online help on debugger commands.
You cannot use the HP DECwindows Motif for OpenVMS GUI to debug detached processes such as print symbionts that run without a command line interpreter (CLI). See Section 1.11 for details about debugging detached processes that do not have a CLI.
The following paragraphs highlight some of the convenience features of the debugger's default HP DECwindows Motif for OpenVMS interface. Section 8.2 gives visual details. (Convenience features of the debugger's command interface are described in detail in Section 1.1.2.)
The OpenVMS Debugger is a source-level debugger. The debugger displays in the source view the source code that surrounds the instruction where program execution is paused currently. You can enable and disable the display of compiler-generated line numbers.
A source browser lets you:
The call-stack menu on the main window lists the sequence of routine calls currently on the call stack. Click on a routine name in the call-stack menu to set (to that routine) the context (scope) for
You set, activate, and deactivate breakpoints by clicking on buttons next to the source lines in the source view or the instruction view. Optionally, you can set, deactivate, or activate breakpoints by selecting items in window pull-down menus, pop-up menus, context-sensitive menus, or dialog boxes. You can set conditional breakpoints, which suspend program execution if the specified condition is true.You can set action breakpoints, which execute one or more debugger commands when the breakpoint suspends program execution. The main window push buttons, the instruction view push buttons, and the breakpoint view give a visual indication of activated, deactivated, and conditional breakpoints.
Push buttons in the push button view control common operations: by clicking on a push button, you can start execution, step to the next source line, display the value of a variable selected in a window, interrupt execution, and so on.
You can modify, add, remove, and resequence push buttons and the associated debugger commands.
Context-sensitive pop-up menus list common operations associated with your view (source view, command view, and so on.) When you click MB3, the pop-up menu lists actions for the text you have selected, the source line at which you are pointing, or the view in which you are working.
To display the value of a variable or expression, select the variable or expression in the source view and click on a push button, such as Examine (examine variable). You can also display selected values by choosing items from window pull-down menus (such as Examine, in the Commands pull-down menu), context-sensitive menus, or dialog boxes. You can display values in different type or radix formats.
To change the value of a variable, edit the currently displayed value in the monitor view. You can also change values by selecting items in window pull-down menus (such as Deposit, in the Commands pull-down menu), context-sensitive pop-up menus, or dialog boxes.
The monitor view displays the updated values of specified variables whenever the debugger regains control from your program.
You can run the debugger in a state known as the kept debugger from which you can rerun the same program or run another program without exiting the debugger. When rerunning a program, you can choose to save the current state of breakpoints, tracepoints, and static watchpoints. The kept debugger is also available in the screen mode debugger. See Section 9.1 for information on starting the kept debugger.
You can run the debugger in a client/server configuration, which allows you to debug programs that run on an OpenVMS node remotely from another OpenVMS node using the HP DECwindows Motif for OpenVMS interface, or from a PC using the Microsoft Windows interface. Up to 31 debug clients can simultaneously access the same debug server, which allows many debugging options.
The instruction view shows the decoded instruction stream (the code that is actually executing) of your program. This view is useful if the program you are debugging has been optimized by the compiler, in which case the source code in the source view may not reflect the code that is executing. You can set breakpoints on instructions and display the memory addresses and source-code line numbers associated with each instruction.
The register view displays the current contents of all machine registers. You can edit the displayed values to deposit other values into the registers.
The debugger has a status indicator to identify the state of the debugger, which can be one of the following:
The threads view displays information about the current state of all tasks of a multithread program. You can modify threads characteristics to control thread execution, priority, state transitions, and so on.
The debugger's HP DECwindows Motif for OpenVMS GUI is an enhancement to the character-cell debugger. It is layered on, and closely integrated with, the command-driven character-cell debugger:
You can edit program source code without exiting from the debugger. In the editor view, you can display the source code, search and replace text, or add additional text. Editor view text buffers allow you to move quickly back and forth between new or existing files, and copy, cut, and paste text from buffer to buffer.
The text editor available through the debugger's HP DECwindows Motif for OpenVMS menu interface is a simple convenience feature, not intended to replace sophisticated text editors such as the Language-Sensitive Editor (LSE). To use a different editor, enter the Edit command at the DBG> prompt in the command view (see the EDIT command).
You can modify the following and other aspects of the debugger's HP DECwindows Motif for OpenVMS interface and save the current settings in a resource file to customize your debugger startup environment:
Online help is available for the debugger's HP DECwindows Motif for OpenVMS interface
(context-sensitive help) and for its command interface.
8.2 Debugger Windows and Menus
The following sections describe the debugger windows, menus, views, and
other features of the OpenVMS Debugger HP DECwindows Motif for OpenVMS interface.
8.2.1 Default Window Configuration
By default, the debugger starts up in the main window, as shown in Figure 8-1.
When you start the debugger as explained in Section 9.1, the source view is initially empty. Figure 8-1 shows the source view after a program has been brought under debugger control (by directing the debugger to run a specific image, in this example, EIGHTQUEENS).
You can customize the startup configuration to your preference as described in Section 10.10.1.
Figure 8-1 Default Window Configuration
The main window (see Figure 8-1) includes:
If the debugger is running on a VAX processor, the name of the debugger
is "OpenVMS Debug32." If the debugger is running on an Alpha or I64
processor, the name of the debugger is "OpenVMS Debug64."
126.96.36.199 Title Bar
The title bar, at the top of the main window, displays (by default) the
name of the debugger, the name of the program being debugged, and the
name of the source code module that is currently displayed in the
source view. !@#$
188.8.131.52 Source View
The source view shows the following:
Figure 8-2 Menus on Main Window
|File||Run Image...||Bring a program under debugger control by specifying an executable image.|
|Run Foreign Command...||Bring a program under debugger control by specifying a symbol for a foreign command.|
|Rerun Same...||Rerun the same program under debugger control.|
Display the source code in any module of your program. Set breakpoints
|Display Line Numbers||Display or hide line numbers in the source view.|
|Server Connection...||(Client/Server mode) Specify the network binding string of the server for connection.|
|Exit Debug?||End the debugging session, terminating the debugger.|
|Edit||Cut||Cut selected text and copy it to the clipboard. You can cut text only from fields or regions that accept input (although, in most cases, Cut copies the selected text to the clipboard).|
|Copy||Copy selected text from the window to the clipboard without deleting the text.|
|Paste||Paste text from the clipboard to a text-entry field or region.|
|Break||On Exception||Break on any exception signaled during program execution.|
|Activate All||Activate any previously set breakpoints.|
|Deactivate All||Deactivate any previously set breakpoints.|
|Cancel All||Remove all breakpoints from the debugger's breakpoint list and from the breakpoint view.|
|Set...||Set a new breakpoint, optionally associated with a particular condition or action, at a specified location.|
|Commands||Examine...||Examine the current value of a variable or expression. The output value may be typecast or changed in radix.|
|Deposit...||Deposit a value to a variable. The input value may be changed in radix.|
|Edit File||Edit the source code of your file in the debugger's editor.|
Display one or more of the following:
|Track Language Changes||Notify you if the debugger enters a module that is written in a language different from the previously executed module.|
|Show Message Separators||Display a dotted line between each command and message displayed by the debugger.|
|Customize Buttons...||Modify, add, remove, or resequence a push button in the push button view and the associated debugger command.|
|Save Options||Save the current settings of all HP DECwindows Motif for OpenVMS features of the debugger that you can customize interactively, such as the configuration of windows and views, and push button definitions. This preserves the current debugger configuration for the next time you run the debugger.|
|Restore Default Options||Copy the system default debugger resource file DECW$SYSTEM_DEFAULTS:VMSDEBUG.DAT to the user-specific resource file DECW$USER_DEFAULTS:VMSDEBUG.DAT. The default options take effect when you next start the debugger.|
|Edit Options File||Load and display the user-specific resource file DECW$USER_DEFAULTS:VMSDEBUG.DAT in the debug editor for review and modification.|
|Help||On Context||Enable the display of context-sensitive online help.|
|On Window||Display information about the debugger.|
|On Help||Display information about the online help system.|
|On Version||Display information about this version of the debugger.|
|On Commands||Display information about debugger commands.|
|Register Type||VAX Displays||Alpha Displays|
|Call Frame||AP, FP, SP, PC, PSL||R0, R25, R26, R27, FP, SP, F0, F1, PC, PS, FPCR, SFPCR|
|General Purpose||R0-R11||R0-R28, FP, SP, R31|