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HP OpenVMS Systems Documentation

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HP OpenVMS License Management Utility Manual

Previous Contents Editing Include and Exclude Lists

Each time you enter a LICENSE MODIFY command with an /INCLUDE or /EXCLUDE qualifier, LMF creates a new list. To edit an existing list, use the /ADD or /REMOVE qualifier in your command line. The following example illustrates the required syntax without using the /ADD or /REMOVE qualifier:

%LICENSE-I-LOADED, DEC BASIC was successfully loaded with 400 units

You can also use the following commands:


If your license uses the MOD_UNITS option, you can also modify the size of a license in a cluster environment. To change the size of the license, enter a LICENSE MODIFY/UNITS=number command that specifies a number sufficient for your needs and allowed by your license agreement. For example, to change a license registered with 1000 license units to a 1500-unit license, enter:



You can use the LICENSE MODIFY/UNITS command to increase the number of license units within the terms and conditions of your license agreement. If you need more license units than the number currently allowed by your license agreement, please contact your HP representative for assistance in upgrading your license.

4.6.3 Controlling User Access

To control which users have access to a product, use the LICENSE MODIFY command with the /RESERVE qualifier. This qualifier takes an argument list of user names called the reservation list. Although the definition of a user can differ from product to product, most products accept the user name that OpenVMS maintains for each account. This is the name you type at the Username prompt during login. See your product's Software Product Description (SPD) for details.

If your PAK specifies the RESERVE_UNITS option, you must assign one or more users to a reservation list. The number of user names allowed per list depends on the number of activity units available. Calculate this number as you would for any activity license. For example, if a software product requires 50 license units per activity and your PAK provides 100 license units, you have a 2-activity license. If the PAK also specifies the RESERVE_UNITS option, you have an unlimited activity, two-user license. For this license, you must create a reservation list with at least one, but no more than two, names.

The following command assigns two users to a reservation list for the product called Terrapin:


Note that the LICENSE MODIFY command affects only data in the license database; it does not affect licenses already loaded. To change a loaded license, reload it with a LICENSE LOAD command. For example:

LICENSE-I-LOADED, DEC TERRAPIN was successfully loaded with 200 units

To add more user names to the reservation list, use the /ADD qualifier and the /RESERVE qualifier, as follows:


This adds new users P_LESH and M_HART to any list already established for the specified product. You can remove a user name with the /REMOVE qualifier.


LMF does not restrict you from creating incorrect reservation lists. If a user on a reservation list is being denied access to a product, check the reservation list (or reservation lists with multiple licenses for the same product) for the following:
  • Too many names. If you repeat a user name, LMF can reject a valid user name entry after reaching the allowed number of users for the license. LMF provides a warning when it loads a license with a list that is too long.
  • Incorrect spelling of user names. LMF simply compares and counts user names. If you misspell a name in the reservation list, LMF denies access to the user trying to access a product. LMF still counts each misspelled name as a potential user.

You can have many Personal Use Licenses for the same product. For license loading, LMF combines all of the license units and determines the number of users according to the total number of units. Therefore, the total number of names on combined reservation lists for this product must not exceed the number LMF authorizes from the unit count, because LMF authorizes only the correct number from the lists and rejects extra names.

Although you can find extra or repeated names using one or more LICENSE LIST/FULL commands, you cannot easily predict which users LMF will reject. Do not assume that LMF denies access to the third name listed on the reservation list of a two-user license. The total number of names and total number of license units is the important calculation.

To load corrections to a reservation list you must enter the LICENSE LOAD command for the licenses. The following example includes the warning message for too many names:

LICENSE-I-LOADED, DEC TERRAPIN was successfully loaded with 200 units
LICENSE-W-LONGLIST, reserve list for DEC TERRAPIN exceeds maximum of 2, 2 names removed
LICENSE-I-LOADED, DEC TERRAPIN was successfully loaded with 200 units

Because LMF combines the license units, you can assign one long reservation list to a single license; LMF simply adds the license units from the combinable licenses and counts the names in all reservation lists for those licenses. If you have three combinable licenses that authorize use to six users, you can modify one of them to have a 6-name reservation list. Note that this differs from the behavior of include and exclude lists with node names in an OpenVMS Cluster.

4.6.4 Controlling Loading Order

If you have many variations of licenses for a product (for example, with different versions, tokens, or hardware identifiers), and you think that you are not getting maximum use of the product, you can check the order of loading of the product licenses. By default, LMF assigns a selection weight to each license and loads each license in descending order of selection weight. The grant order is the order in which LMF checks licenses before granting one.

Loading is the process that LMF uses to store licenses in memory. Granting is the actual allocation of units to a user using a licensed product. Selection weights contol the order in which LMF checks multiple licenses for a single product while attempting to perform a license grant for that product.

To determine grant order, enter the DCL command SHOW LICENSE/FULL. You can then enter the LICENSE LIST command with the /SELECTION_WEIGHT qualifier to display the selection weight. Modify selection weights of licenses as needed with the /SELECTION_WEIGHT qualifier to the LICENSE MODIFY command.

To change the selection weight, use LICENSE MODIFY/SELECTION_WEIGHT, and then load the changed licenses with LICENSE LOAD.


A previous version of this manual incorrectly stated that you must define the logical name LMF$DISPLAY_OPCOM_MESSAGE in order for messages to appear.

If you have already defined this logical name, you should delete the definition.

Define the LMF$DISPLAY_OPCOM_MESSAGE logical name only if you are explicitly directed by HP to do so (for debugging purposes). When defined, this logical name causes many "noise" messages to be displayed on the operator's console. Some of these messages can be confusing and misleading to the point of suggesting that a product is not licensed when in fact it is.

To see if this logical name has been defined on your system, enter the following command:


To delete the logical name, enter the following command:


4.8 Troubleshooting Licensing Problems

If you are having problems that appear to be related to reaching PAK limits or missing licenses, you can perform basic troubleshooting using the LICENSE and SHOW LICENSE commands.

First, try listing the PAKs using the following command:


This command will list all the PAKs that are in the License Database (.LDB) file. These licenses may or may not have been loaded into the memory license database. Check to make sure that all your active licenses have been loaded and that any unused licenses are not being loaded into the License Database.

Next, use the /HISTORY qualifier to check licensing activity.


This command shows you all the activity you have performed to the License Database. Make sure that the history matches what you think should be.

You can also use the SHOW LICENSE command to see if the number of licenses is correct. The /UNIT_REQUIREMENTS command displays the information in the License Unit Requirement Table.


Use the /CLUSTER qualifier to diplay the license unit requirements for every node in an OpenVMS cluster.

Use the SHOW LICENSE/USAGE command to see how many license units are loaded and how many are allocated and available. SHOW LICENSE/USAGE also tells you the license type for each product on the system.

If you own multiple license types for a single product in an OpenVMS cluster, you can only view the usage information for the license type loaded on the node from which you issued the SHOW LICENSE/USAGE command. To find out the usage of another license type loaded on another node, issue the command on that node.

In an OpenVMS Cluster, usage information is limited to the local license type. For example, LMF considers VAX and Alpha availability licenses different license types. If you are running both VAX and Alpha systems in a cluster, usage information for availability licenses is limited to the local system type. For example, if you have HP C installed on all nodes in your OpenVMS Cluster, you can display HP C license allocation on all the VAX nodes in the cluster from any VAX node with HP C installed, but you cannot display the HP C license allocation on the Alpha nodes.

Chapter 5
OpenVMS Galaxy Licensing Information (Alpha Only)

The OpenVMS Galaxy Software Architecture on OpenVMS (OpenVMS Galaxy) is a system integrated product (SIP). That is, OpenVMS Galaxy code is integrated and delivered with the OpenVMS operating system.

The License Management Facility (LMF) Product Authorization Keys (PAKs) representing OpenVMS Galaxy licenses allow you to access and use OpenVMS Galaxy software.

5.1 OpenVMS Galaxy Licensing Requirements

The following list summarizes OpenVMS Galaxy licensing requirements:

  • One OpenVMS Operating System License for a Galaxy system
  • One SMP Extension License for each CPU after the first CPU
  • One OpenVMS Galaxy License for each CPU in a Galaxy system
  • No changes to how HP layered products are licensed:
    • One capacity license per system
    • One user license per use

The following sections describe these requirements in more detail.

5.1.1 OpenVMS Operating System License

When an AlphaServer system is configured as an OpenVMS Galaxy system, there are no changes in how a system is licensed for the OpenVMS operating system.

One OpenVMS Base License is required for the Galaxy system, plus one SMP Extension License for each CPU after the first CPU.

5.1.2 OpenVMS Galaxy License

To create and run multiple instances, one OpenVMS Galaxy License is required for each CPU in a Galaxy system.

License rights for running a single-instance Galaxy on any Alpha system are provided by the OpenVMS Base License.

5.1.3 OpenVMS Layered Products License

HP software layered products on OpenVMS Galaxy configurations continue to use standard license types: Traditional, Concurrent Use, and Personal Use.

  • One Traditional Capacity License will continue to license the system, regardless of the number of instances. The license is based on the system class of the hardware system.
  • Concurrent Use Licenses will continue to license one concurrent use of the product.
  • Personal Use Licenses will continue to license one named user on the system.

5.2 Clustering OpenVMS Galaxy Instances

Instances in an OpenVMS Galaxy computing environment can be clustered with other instances in a single system, with instances in other Galaxy systems, or with non-Galaxy systems. Each type of clustering has different licensing requirements, as described in the following sections.

5.2.1 Clustering in a Galaxy System

In an OpenVMS Galaxy computing environment, instances can be clustered with other instances within a Galaxy system. Clustered instances use the shared-memory cluster interconnect to communicate with each other.

The licensing and functionality for clustering within a Galaxy system is provided under the OpenVMS Galaxy License.

5.2.2 Clustering Outside a Galaxy System

Instances in an OpenVMS Galaxy computing environment can be clustered with instances in another OpenVMS Galaxy system or with cluster nodes in non-Galaxy systems. Instances clustered outside of a Galaxy system use traditional cluster interconnects.

Each system that is clustered with another system must be licensed for OpenVMS Cluster Software. Clustering outside the OpenVMS Galaxy system is not covered by the OpenVMS Galaxy License.

5.3 License Databases

When an OpenVMS Galaxy system is configured with more than one instance, a license database must be set up for each independent instance or cluster of instances. The PAKs representing the licenses on the OpenVMS Galaxy configuration can be loaded on multiple license databases, as follows:

  • OpenVMS Base, SMP Extensions, and OpenVMS Galaxy Licenses
    For full use of the OpenVMS Galaxy functionality, the PAKs representing your OpenVMS Base, SMP Extensions, and OpenVMS Galaxy Licenses must be loaded on each license database within the OpenVMS Galaxy on a single system.
  • HP Layered Product Traditional Capacity Licenses
    The PAKs representing these licenses can be loaded on each license database within the OpenVMS Galaxy on a single system.
  • HP Concurrent Use Licenses
    The PAKs representing these licenses can be loaded on the license database where the license will be used.
    For PAKs representing multiple concurrent uses (for example, a 50-use license) the PAK can be loaded on multiple license databases within the OpenVMS Galaxy on a single system. However, the PAK must be modified down on each license database so that the total number of license units does not exceed the total license units on the License PAK.
  • HP Personal Use Licenses
    The PAKs representing these licenses can be loaded on each license database within the OpenVMS Galaxy on a single system; however, the number of actual uses must not exceed the licensed number of personal uses.

5.4 OpenVMS Galaxy License PAKs and LMF

OpenVMS Galaxy PAK names are as follows:

  • OpenVMS Operating System Base PAK: OPENVMS-ALPHA (base license)
  • OpenVMS Operating System User PAK: OPENVMS-ALPHA-USER

OpenVMS Galaxy customers must have at least one OPENVMS-ALPHA PAK, plus one additional OPENVMS-ALPHA PAK for each additional processor (CPU) after the first CPU (which is included in the Base Operating System License).

The OPENVMS-ALPHA and OPENVMS-ALPHA-USER PAKs can now be shared by multiple Galaxy instances. To implement this in the License Management Facility (LMF), include all OpenVMS Galaxy instance names in the PAK INCLUDE list.

For example, suppose that a customer has a system named ANDA1A in an OpenVMS Cluster. The OPENVMS-ALPHA license PAK currently has an INCLUDE list on it that has SCS node name ANDA1A in it. If that system is changed to an OpenVMS Galaxy running three instances named ANDA1A, ANDA2A, and ANDA3A, the OPENVMS-ALPHA license PAK must be modified so that all instances can share the NO_SHARE OPENVMS-ALPHA license.

The command to modify the OPENVMS-ALPHA license PAK is:


Because this example assumes that ANDA1A was already in a cluster, the authorization number is required to identify the one PAK of many OPENVMS-ALPHA license PAKs in the License Database (.LDB) file.

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