HP OpenVMS Systems Documentation

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HP Availability Manager User's Guide

Order Number: AA-RNSJD-TE

January 2005

This guide explains how to use HP Availability Manager software to detect and correct system availability problems.

Revision/Update Information: This guide supersedes the HP OpenVMS Availability Manager User's Guide, Version 2.3-1.

Operating System: Data Analyzer: Windows 2000 SP 4 or higher; Windows XP SP 1;
OpenVMS Alpha Version 7.2-1 or later
OpenVMS I64 Version 8.2 or later
Data Collector: OpenVMS Alpha and
VAX Version 6.2 or higher,
OpenVMS I64 Version 8.2 or higher

Software Version: HP Availability Manager Version 2.4-1

Hewlett-Packard Company Palo Alto, California

© 2005 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.

Confidential computer software. Valid license from HP required for possession, use or copying. Consistent with FAR 12.211 and 12.212, Commercial Computer Software, Computer Software Documentation, and Technical Data for Commercial Items are licensed to the U.S. Government under vendor's standard commercial license.

The information contained herein is subject to change without notice. The only warranties for HP products and services are set forth in the express warranty statements accompanying such products and services. Nothing herein should be construed as constituting an additional warranty. HP shall not be liable for technical or editorial errors or omissions contained herein.

Intel and Itanium are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries.

Printed in the US


The HP OpenVMS documentation set is available on CD-ROM.

Contents Index


Intended Audience

This guide is intended for system managers who install and use HP Availability Manager software. It is assumed that the system managers who use this product are familiar with Windows terms and functions.


The term Windows as it is used in this manual refers to either Windows 2000 or Windows XP but not to any other Windows product.

Document Structure

This guide contains the following chapters and appendixes:

  • Chapter 1 provides an overview of Availability Manager software, including security features.
  • Chapter 2 tells how to start the Availability Manager, use the main Application window, select a group of nodes and individual nodes, and use online help.
  • Chapter 3 tells how to select nodes and display node data; it also explains what that data is.
  • Chapter 4 tells how to display OpenVMS Cluster summary and detailed data; it also explains what that data is.
  • Chapter 5 tells how to display and interpret events.
  • Chapter 6 tells how to take a variety of corrective called fixes, to improve system availability.
  • Chapter 7 describes the tasks you can perform to filter, select, and customize the display of data and events.
  • Appendix A contains a table of CPU process states, which are referred to in Section and in Section 3.3.1.
  • Appendix B contains a table of OpenVMS and Windows events that can be displayed in the Events pane discussed in Chapter 5.
  • Appendix C describes the events that can be signaled for each type of OpenVMS data that is collected.

Related Documents

The following manuals provide additional information:

  • HP OpenVMS System Manager's Manual describes tasks for managing an OpenVMS system. It also describes installing a product with the POLYCENTER Software Installation utility.
  • HP OpenVMS System Management Utilities Reference Manual describes utilities you can use to manage an OpenVMS system.
  • HP OpenVMS Programming Concepts Manual explains OpenVMS lock management concepts.

For additional information about HP OpenVMS products and services, visit the following World Wide Web address:


Reader's Comments

HP welcomes your comments on this manual. Please send comments to either of the following addresses:

Internet openvmsdoc@hp.com
Postal Mail Hewlett-Packard Company
OSSG Documentation Group, ZKO3-4/U08
110 Spit Brook Rd.
Nashua, NH 03062-2698

How to Order Additional Documentation

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Chapter 1

This chapter answers the following questions:

  • What is the HP Availability Manager?
  • How does the Availability Manager work?
  • How does the Availability Manager identify possible performance problems?
  • How does the Availability Manager maintain security?

1.1 What Is the HP Availability Manager?

The HP Availability Manager is a system management tool that allows you to monitor, from an OpenVMS or Windows node, one or more OpenVMS nodes on an extended local area network (LAN).

The Availability Manager helps system managers and analysts target a specific node or process for detailed analysis. This tool collects system and process data from multiple OpenVMS nodes simultaneously, analyzes the data, and displays the output using a graphical user interface (GUI).

Features and Benefits

The Availability Manager offers many features that can help system managers improve the availability, accessibility, and performance of OpenVMS nodes and clusters.

Feature Description
Immediate notification of problems Based on its analysis of data, the Availability Manager notifies you immediately if any node you are monitoring is experiencing a performance problem, especially one that affects the node's accessibility to users. At a glance, you can see whether a problem is a persistent one that warrants further investigation and correction.
Centralized management Provides centralized management of remote nodes within an extended local area network (LAN).
Intuitive interface Provides an easy-to-learn and easy-to-use graphical user interface (GUI). An earlier version of the tool, DECamds, uses a Motif GUI to display information about OpenVMS nodes. The Availability Manager uses a Java GUI to display information about OpenVMS nodes on an OpenVMS or a Windows node.
Correction capability Allows real-time intervention, including adjustment of node and process parameters, even when remote nodes are hung.
Uses its own protocol An important advantage of the Availability Manager is that it uses its own network protocol. Unlike most performance monitors, the Availability Manager does not rely on TCP/IP or any other standard protocol. Therefore, even if a standard protocol is unavailable, the Availability Manager can continue to operate.
Customization Using a wide range of customization options, you can customize the Availability Manager to meet the requirements of your particular site. For example, you can change the severity levels of the events that are displayed and escalate their importance.
Scalability Makes it easier to monitor multiple OpenVMS nodes.

Figure 1-1 is an example of the initial Application window of the Availability Manager.

Figure 1-1 Application Window

The Application window is divided into the following sections:

  • In the upper left section of the window is a list of user-defined groups of nodes. You can click either the name of a group or the icon in front of it to select a group.
  • In the upper right section is a list of the nodes in the group you selected. Double-click a node name or the icon in front of it to display more detailed data for that node. You can also double-click data items in each row to display more detailed data about a specific item.
  • In the lower section events are posted, alerting you to possible problems on your system.

1.2 How Does the Availability Manager Work?

The Availability Manager uses two types of nodes to monitor systems:

  • One or more OpenVMS Data Collector nodes, which contain the software that collects data.
  • An OpenVMS or a Windows Data Analyzer node, which contains the software that analyzes the collected data.

The Data Analyzer and Data Collector nodes communicate over an extended LAN using an IEEE 802.3 Extended Packet format protocol. Once a connection is established, the Data Analyzer instructs the Data Collector to gather specific system and process data.

Although you can run the Data Analyzer as a member of a monitored cluster, it is typically run on a system that is not a member of a monitored cluster. In this way, the Data Analyzer will not hang if the cluster hangs.

Only one Data Analyzer at a time should be running on each node; however, more than one can be running in the LAN at any given time.

Figure 1-2 shows a possible configuration of Data Analyzer and Data Collector nodes.

Figure 1-2 Availability Manager Node Configuration

In Figure 1-2, the Data Analyzer can monitor nodes A, B, and C across the network. The password on node D does not match the password of the Data Analyzer; therefore, the Data Analyzer cannot monitor node D.

For information about password security, see Section 1.4.

Requesting and Receiving Information

After installing the Availability Manager software, you can begin to request information from one or more Data Collector nodes.

Requesting and receiving information requires the Availability Manager to perform a number of steps, which are shown in Figure 1-3 and explained after the figure.

Figure 1-3 Requesting and Receiving Information

The following steps correspond to the numbers in Figure 1-3.

  1. The GUI communicates users' requests for data to the driver on the Data Analyzer node.
  2. The Data Analyzer driver sends users' requests across the network to a driver on a Data Collector node.
  3. The Data Collector driver transmits the requested information over the network to the driver on the Data Analyzer node.
  4. The Data Analyzer driver passes the requested information to the GUI, which displays the data.

In step 4, the Availability Manager also checks the data for any events that should be posted. The following section explains in more detail how data analysis and event detection work.

1.3 How Does the Availability Manager Identify Performance Problems?

When the Availability Manager detects problems on your system, it uses a combination of methods to bring these problems to the attention of the system manager. If no data display is open for a particular node, the Availability Manager reduces the data collection interval so that data can be analyzed more closely. Performance events are also posted in the Event pane, which is in the lower portion of the Application window (Figure 1-1).

The following topics are related to detecting problems and posting events:

  • Collecting and analyzing data
  • Posting events

1.3.1 Collecting and Analyzing Data

This section explains how the Availability Manager collects and analyzes data. It also defines terms related to data collection and analysis. Types of Data Collection

You can use the Availability Manager to collect data either as a background activity or as a foreground activity.

  • Background data collection
    When you enable background collection of a specific type of data on a specific node, the Availability Manager collects that data whether or not any windows are currently displaying data for that node.
    To enable background data collection, select the check box for a specific type of data on the Data Collection Customization page (Figure 1-4). Note that if the Customize window applies to all OpenVMS nodes, the data collection properties that you set are for all nodes. If the window applies to a specific node, the properties you set apply only to that node.
    Chapter 7 contains instructions for customizing data collection properties.

    Figure 1-4 Data Collection Customization Page

  • Foreground data collection
    Foreground data collection occurs automatically when you open any data page for a specific node. To open a node data page, double-click a node name in the Node pane of the Application window (Figure 1-1). The Node Summary page is the first page displayed (by default); Figure 1-5 is an example. At the top of the page are tabs that you can select to display other data pages for that node.

    Figure 1-5 Sample Node Summary Page

    Foreground data collection for all data types begins automatically when any node data page is displayed. Data collection ends when all node data pages have been closed.
    Chapter 3 contains instructions for selecting nodes and displaying node data. Events and Data Collection

An event is a problem or potential problem associated with resource availability. Users can customize criteria for events. Events are associated with types of data collected. For example, collection of CPU data is associated with the PRCCUR, PRCMWT, and PRCPWT events. (Appendix B describes events, and Appendix C describes the events that each type of data can signal.)

When the GUI requests one type of data from the Data Collector (for example, CPU data for all the processes on the system), a snapshot is taken of that type of data. This snapshot is considered one data collection. Data Collection Intervals

Data collection intervals, which are displayed on the Data Collection customization page (Figure 1-4), specify the frequency of data collection. Table 1-1 describes these intervals.

Table 1-1 Data Collection Intervals
Interval (in seconds) Type of Data Collection Description
NoEvent Background How often data is collected if no events have been posted for that type of data.

The Availability Manager starts background data collection at the NoEvent interval (for example, every 75 seconds). If no events have been posted for that type of data, the Availability Manager starts a new collection cycle every 75 seconds.

Event Background How often data is collected if any events have been posted for that type of data.

The Availability Manager continues background data collection at the Event interval until all events for that type of data have been removed from the Event pane. Data collection then resumes at the NoEvent interval.

Display Foreground How often data is collected when the page for a specific node is open.

The Availability Manager starts foreground data collection at the Display interval and continues this rate of collection until the display is closed. Data collection then resumes as a background activity.

1.3.2 Posting Events

The Availability Manager evaluates each data collection for events. The Availability Manager posts events when data values in a data collection meet or exceed user-defined thresholds and occurrences. Values for thresholds and occurrences are displayed on Event Customization pages similar to the one shown in Figure 1-6. Thresholds and occurrences are described in the next section.

Figure 1-6 Sample Event Customization Page

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